follow Dictionary.com

11 Trending Words of 2014

prior2

[prahy-er] /ˈpraɪ ər/
noun
1.
an officer in a monastic order or religious house, sometimes next in rank below an abbot.
2.
a chief magistrate, as in the medieval republic of Florence.
Origin
late Old English
1100
before 1100; Middle English, late Old English < Medieval Latin, Late Latin: one superior in rank; noun use of prior prior1
Related forms
priorship, noun
subpriorship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for priorship

prior1

/ˈpraɪə/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) previous; preceding
2.
prior to, before; until
noun
3.
(statistics) a prior probability
Word Origin
C18: from Latin: previous

prior2

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
the superior of a house and community in certain religious orders
2.
the deputy head of a monastery or abbey, ranking immediately below the abbot
3.
(formerly) a chief magistrate in medieval Florence and other Italian republics
Word Origin
C11: from Late Latin: head, from Latin (adj): previous, from Old Latin pri before

Prior

/ˈpraɪə/
noun
1.
Matthew. 1664–1721, English poet and diplomat, noted for his epigrammatic occasional verse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for priorship

prior

adj.

"earlier," 1714, from Latin prior "former, previous, first;" figuratively "superior, better;" as a noun "forefather; superior rank;" comparative of Old Latin pri "before," from PIE *prai-, *prei-, from root *per- (1) "forward, through" (see per).

n.

"superior officer of a religious house or order," late Old English, from Medieval Latin prior "superior officer," noun use of Latin adjective meaning "former, superior" (see prior (adj.)). As short for prior arrest, by 1990, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Slang definitions & phrases for priorship

prior

noun

An earlier conviction; previous: ''Any priors onhim?'' ''Dinged once, in Rapid City'' (1978+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for prior

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for priorship

0
17
Scrabble Words With Friends