private

[prahy-vit]
adjective
1.
belonging to some particular person: private property.
2.
pertaining to or affecting a particular person or a small group of persons; individual; personal: for your private satisfaction.
3.
confined to or intended only for the persons immediately concerned; confidential: a private meeting.
4.
personal and not publicly expressed: one's private feelings.
5.
not holding public office or employment: private citizens.
6.
not of an official or public character: private life.
7.
removed from or out of public view or knowledge; secret: private papers.
8.
not open or accessible to the general public: a private beach.
9.
undertaken individually or personally: private research.
10.
without the presence of others; alone.
11.
solitary; secluded.
12.
preferring privacy; retiring: a very private person.
13.
intimate; most personal: private behavior.
14.
of, having, or receiving special hospital facilities, privileges, and services, especially a room of one's own and liberal visiting hours: a private room; a private patient.
15.
of lowest military rank.
16.
of, pertaining to, or coming from nongovernmental sources: private funding.
noun
17.
a soldier of one of the three lowest enlisted ranks.
18.
privates, private parts.
Idioms
19.
in private, not publicly; secretly: The hearing will be conducted in private.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin prīvātus private, literally, taken away (from public affairs), special use of past participle of prīvāre to rob. See deprive, -ate1

privately, adverb
privateness, noun
quasi-private, adjective
quasi-privately, adverb
unprivate, adjective
unprivately, adverb
unprivateness, noun


2. singular, particular, peculiar. 10. sequestered, retired.


2. general, public.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
private (ˈpraɪvɪt)
 
adj
1.  not widely or publicly known: they had private reasons for the decision
2.  confidential; secret: a private conversation
3.  not for general or public use: a private bathroom
4.  (prenominal) individual; special: my own private recipe
5.  (prenominal) having no public office, rank, etc: a private man
6.  (prenominal) denoting a soldier of the lowest military rank: a private soldier
7.  of, relating to, or provided by a private individual or organization, rather than by the state or a public body: the private sector; private housing
8.  (of a place) retired; sequestered; not overlooked
9.  (of a person) reserved; uncommunicative
10.  in private in secret; confidentially
 
n
11.  a soldier of the lowest rank, sometimes separated into qualification grades, in many armies and marine corps: private first class
 
[C14: from Latin prīvātus belonging to one individual, withdrawn from public life, from prīvāre to deprive, bereave]
 
'privately
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

private
late 14c., from L. privatus "set apart, belonging to oneself" (not to the state), used in contrast to publicus, communis; originally pp. stem of privare "to separate, deprive," from privus "one's own, individual," from Old L. pri "before." Replaced O.E. syndrig. Grew popular 17c. as a preferred alternative
to the snobbish overtones in common. Meaning "not open to the public" is from late 14c. Of persons, "not holding public office" it is recorded from early 15c. Private soldier "one below the rank of a non-commissioned officer" is from 1570s. Private parts "the pudenda" is from 1785. Private enterprise first recorded 1844. Privacy is first recorded mid-15c. Privatization is attested from 1959; privatize first recorded 1968.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Who cares the research was privately financed and therefor must be good.
The city council's resolution did not apply to privately owned buildings.
The fact that it exerts its influence sparingly and privately does not make it
  non-existent.
Today, one out of every five human genes is privately owned.
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