lack of the usual comforts or necessaries of life: His life of privation began to affect his health.
an instance of this.
the act of depriving.
the state of being deprived.

1350–1400; Middle English (< Middle French privacion) < Latin prīvātiōn- (stem of prīvātiō) a taking away. See private, -ion

1. deprivation, want, need, distress. See hardship. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
privation (praɪˈveɪʃən)
1.  loss or lack of the necessities of life, such as food and shelter
2.  hardship resulting from this
3.  the state of being deprived
4.  obsolete logic the absence from an object of what ordinarily or naturally belongs to such objects
[C14: from Latin prīvātiō deprivation]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "action of depriving," from O.Fr. privacion, from L. privationem (nom. privatio) "a taking away," from privatus, pp. of privare "deprive" (see private). Meaning "want of life's comforts or of some necessity" is attested from 1790.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
So don't you fool away any sympathy on the poor mariner's dangers and
  privations and sufferings.
His life was a continual vicissitude of crosses and privations, and of heavenly
  visits and caresses.
Thousands of years ago, tribes of human beings suffered great privations in the
  struggle to survive.
She had shared with her husband all of the privations and dangers incidental to
  a soldier's life for three years.
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