prize

1 [prahyz]
noun
1.
a reward for victory or superiority, as in a contest or competition.
2.
something that is won in a lottery or the like.
3.
anything striven for, worth striving for, or much valued.
4.
something seized or captured, especially an enemy's ship and cargo captured at sea in wartime.
5.
the act of taking or capturing, especially a ship at sea.
6.
Archaic. a contest or match.
adjective
7.
having won a prize: a prize bull; a prize play.
8.
worthy of a prize.
9.
given or awarded as a prize.

Origin:
1250–1300; in senses referring to something seized, continuing Middle English prise something captured, a seizing < Middle French < Latin pre()nsa, noun use of feminine past participle of pre(he)ndere to take; in senses referring to something won, spelling variant of price (Middle English pris(e)) since the late 16th century


1. premium. See reward.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

prize

2 [prahyz]
verb (used with object), prized, prizing.
1.
to value or esteem highly.
2.
to estimate the worth or value of.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English prisen < Middle French prisier, variant of preisier to praise


1. See appreciate.

prize

3 [prahyz]
verb (used with object), prized, prizing.
1.
pry2.
noun
3.
a lever.
Also, prise.


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English prise < Middle French: a hold, grasp < Latin pre()nsa. See prize1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
prize1 (praɪz)
 
n
1.  a.  a reward or honour for victory or for having won a contest, competition, etc
 b.  (as modifier): prize jockey; prize essay
2.  something given to the winner of any game of chance, lottery, etc
3.  something striven for
4.  any valuable property captured in time of war, esp a vessel
 
[C14: from Old French prise a capture, from Latin prehendere to seize; influenced also by Middle English prise reward; see price]

prize2 (praɪz)
 
vb
(tr) to esteem greatly; value highly
 
[C15 prise, from Old French preisier to praise]

prize3 (praɪz)
 
vb, —n
a variant spelling of prise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

prize
"reward," 1590s, alteration of M.E. prise (c.1300 in this sense; see price). Prize-fighter is from 1703; prize-fight from 1824. Prized "highly esteemed" is from 1538.

prize
"something taken by force," late 14c., from O.Fr. prise "a taking, seizing, holding," prop. fem. pp. of prendre "to take, seize," from L. prendere, contraction of prehendere (see prehensile). Especially of ships captured at sea (1512).

prize
"to estimate," 1586, alteration of M.E. prisen "to prize, value," from stem of O.Fr. preisier (see praise).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for prizes
Of course, the game had to be won to receive all prizes listed on their prize board.
Amateurs competed for prizes and pros could compete for a limited amount purses.
Cartierbresson is the recipient of many of prizes, awards and honorary doctorates.
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