an estimate, often itemized, of expected income and expense for a given period in the future.
a plan of operations based on such an estimate.
an itemized allotment of funds, time, etc., for a given period.
the total sum of money set aside or needed for a purpose: the construction budget.
a limited stock or supply of something: his budget of goodwill.
Obsolete. a small bag; pouch.
reasonably or cheaply priced: budget dresses.
verb (used with object), budgeted, budgeting.
to plan allotment of (funds, time, etc.).
to deal with (specific funds) in a budget.
verb (used without object), budgeted, budgeting.
to subsist on or live within a budget.

1400–50; late Middle English bowgett < Middle French bougette (bouge bag (< Latin bulga; see bulge) + -ette -ette)

budgetary [buhj-i-ter-ee] , adjective
budgeter, noun
nonbudgetary, adjective
prebudget, noun, adjective
prebudgetary, adjective
pro-budgeting, adjective
rebudget, verb (used with object), rebudgeted, rebudgeting.
unbudgeted, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
budget (ˈbʌdʒɪt)
1.  an itemized summary of expected income and expenditure of a country, company, etc, over a specified period, usually a financial year
2.  an estimate of income and a plan for domestic expenditure of an individual or a family, often over a short period, such as a month or a week
3.  a restriction on expenditure (esp in the phrase on a budget)
4.  (modifier) economical; inexpensive: budget meals for a family
5.  the total amount of money allocated for a specific purpose during a specified period
6.  archaic a stock, quantity, or supply
vb , -gets, -geting, -geted
7.  (tr) to enter or provide for in a budget
8.  to plan the expenditure of (money, time, etc)
9.  (intr) to make a budget
[C15 (meaning: leather pouch, wallet): from Old French bougette, diminutive of bouge, from Latin bulga, of Gaulish origin; compare Old English bælg bag]

Budget (ˈbʌdʒɪt)
the Budget an estimate of British government expenditures and revenues and the financial plans for the ensuing fiscal year presented annually to the House of Commons by the Chancellor of the Exchequer

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., "leather pouch," from M.Fr. bougette, dim. of O.Fr. bouge "leather bag, wallet, pouch," from L. bulga "leather bag," of Gaulish origin (cf. O.Ir. bolg "bag," Bret. bolc'h "flax pod"), from PIE *bhelgh- (see belly). Modern financial meaning (1733) is from notion
of treasury minister keeping his fiscal plans in a wallet. The verb in this sense is from 1884. Another 18c. transferred sense was to "a bundle of news," hence the use of the word as the title of some newspapers.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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