[uh-pawr-shuhn-muhnt, uh-pohr-]
the act of apportioning.
the determination of the number of members of the U.S. House of Representatives according to the proportion of the population of each state to the total population of the U.S.
the apportioning of members of any other legislative body.

1620–30; apportion + -ment

nonapportionment, noun
proapportionment, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
apportionment (əˈpɔːʃənmənt)
1.  the act of apportioning
2.  (US) government the proportional distribution of the seats in a legislative body, esp the House of Representatives, on the basis of population

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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

apportionment definition

The allocation of seats in a legislature or of taxes according to a plan. In the United States Congress, for example, the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives is based on the relative population of each state, whereas the apportionment in the Senate is based on equal representation for every state. (See also gerrymander.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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