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apportionment

[uh-pawr-shuh n-muh nt, uh-pohr-] /əˈpɔr ʃən mənt, əˈpoʊr-/
noun
1.
the act of apportioning.
2.
the determination of the number of members of the U.S. House of Representatives according to the proportion of the population of each state to the total population of the U.S.
3.
the apportioning of members of any other legislative body.
Origin
1620-1630
1620-30; apportion + -ment
Related forms
nonapportionment, noun
proapportionment, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for proapportionment

apportionment

n.

1620s, from apportion + -ment. Perhaps influenced by French apportionnement.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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proapportionment in Culture

apportionment definition


The allocation of seats in a legislature or of taxes according to a plan. In the United States Congress, for example, the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives is based on the relative population of each state, whereas the apportionment in the Senate is based on equal representation for every state. (See also gerrymander.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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