the act or state of compensating.
the state of being compensated.
something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, lack, etc.; indemnity: The insurance company paid him $2000 as compensation for the loss of his car.
Biology. the improvement of any defect by the excessive development or action of another structure or organ of the same structure.
Psychology. a mechanism by which an individual attempts to make up for some real or imagined deficiency of personality or behavior by developing or stressing another aspect of the personality or by substituting a different form of behavior.

1350–1400; Middle English compensacioun < Latin compēnsātiōn- (stem of compēnsātiō), equivalent to compēnsāt(us) (see compensate) + -iōn- -ion

compensational, adjective
noncompensation, noun
precompensation, noun
procompensation, adjective
subcompensation, noun
subcompensational, adjective

3. recompense, payment, amends, reparation; requital, satisfaction, indemnification. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
compensation (ˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃən)
1.  the act or process of making amends for something
2.  something given as reparation for loss, injury, etc; indemnity
3.  the automatic movements made by the body to maintain balance
4.  the attempt to conceal or offset one's shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
5.  biology abnormal growth and increase in size in one organ in response to the removal or inactivation of another

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "action of compensating," from L. compensationem (nom. compensatio), noun of action from compensare (see compensate). Meaning "what is given in recompense" is from 1610; meaning "amends for loss or damages" is from 1804; meaning "salary, wages" is attested
from 1787, Amer.Eng. The psychological sense is from 1914.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

compensation com·pen·sa·tion (kŏm'pən-sā'shən)

  1. A process in which a tendency for a change in a given direction is counteracted by another change so that the original change is not evident.

  2. An unconscious psychological mechanism by which one tries to make up for imagined or real deficiencies in personality or physical ability.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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