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proctor

[prok-ter] /ˈprɒk tər/
noun
1.
a person appointed to keep watch over students at examinations.
2.
an official charged with various duties, especially with the maintenance of good order.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
3.
to supervise or monitor.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English; contracted variant of procurator
Related forms
proctorial
[prok-tawr-ee-uh l, -tohr-] /prɒkˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
proctorially, adverb
proctorship, noun
subproctor, noun
subproctorial, adjective
subproctorship, noun
unproctored, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for procto-rial

proctor

/ˈprɒktə/
noun
1.
a member of the teaching staff of any of certain universities having the duties of enforcing discipline
2.
(US) (in a college or university) a supervisor or monitor who invigilates examinations, enforces discipline, etc
3.
(formerly) an agent, esp one engaged to conduct another's case in a court
4.
(formerly) an agent employed to collect tithes
5.
(Church of England) one of the elected representatives of the clergy in Convocation and the General Synod
verb
6.
(transitive) (US) to invigilate (an examination)
Derived Forms
proctorial (prɒkˈtɔːrɪəl) adjective
proctorially, adverb
Word Origin
C14: syncopated variant of procurator
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for procto-rial

proctor

n.

late 14c., contraction of procurator (c.1300) "steward or manager of a household;" also "a provider" (see procurator). From late 14c. as "one who acts or speaks for another; spokesman, advocate;" early 15c. as "business manager or financial administrator of a church, college, holy order, etc."

v.

1670s, from proctor (n.). Related: Proctored; proctoring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for procto-rial

proctor

in English law, formerly a practitioner in ecclesiastical and admiralty courts, who performed duties similar to those of solicitors in ordinary courts. After the Judicature Act of 1873, the title of proctor in this sense became obsolete, the term solicitor being extended to include proctors. See also solicitor.

Learn more about proctor with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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