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prodigal

[prod-i-guh l] /ˈprɒd ɪ gəl/
adjective
1.
wastefully or recklessly extravagant:
prodigal expenditure.
2.
giving or yielding profusely; lavish (usually followed by of or with):
prodigal of smiles; prodigal with money.
3.
lavishly abundant; profuse:
nature's prodigal resources.
noun
4.
a person who spends, or has spent, his or her money or substance with wasteful extravagance; spendthrift.
Origin
1500-1510
1500-10; back formation from prodigality
Related forms
prodigally, adverb
Synonyms
1. profligate. See lavish. 2, 3. copious, bounteous. 4. waster, wastrel.
Antonyms
1. cautious, provident.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for prodigal of

prodigal

/ˈprɒdɪɡəl/
adjective
1.
recklessly wasteful or extravagant, as in disposing of goods or money
2.
lavish in giving or yielding prodigal of compliments
noun
3.
a person who spends lavishly or squanders money
Derived Forms
prodigality, noun
prodigally, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin prōdigālis wasteful, from Latin prōdigus lavish, from prōdigere to squander, from pro-1 + agere to drive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for prodigal of

prodigal

adj.

mid-15c., a back-formation from prodigality, or else from Middle French prodigal and directly from Late Latin prodigalis, from Latin prodigus "wasteful," from prodigere "drive away, waste," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + agere "to drive" (see act (v.)). First reference is to prodigial son, from Vulgate Latin filius prodigus (Luke xv:11-32). As a noun, "prodigal person," 1590s, from the adjective (the Latin adjective also was used as a noun).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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