|a republic in W Africa, on the Atlantic: originated in 1822 as a home for freed Afro-American slaves, with land purchased by the American Colonization Society; republic declared in 1847; exports are predominantly rubber and iron ore. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority, also animist. Currency: dollar. Capital: Monrovia. Pop: 3 487 000 (2004 est). Area: 111 400 sq km (43 000 sq miles)|
Note: The American Colonization Society began settlement of black Americans, most of them freed slaves, in 1822. Eventually, 15,000 blacks emigrated to Liberia.
Note: A civil war that commenced in 1989 and that lasted until the mid-1990s claimed more than 150,000 lives.