prolog

prologue

[proh-lawg, -log]
noun
1.
a preliminary discourse; a preface or introductory part of a discourse, poem, or novel.
2.
an introductory speech, often in verse, calling attention to the theme of a play.
3.
the actor or actress who delivers this.
4.
an introductory scene, preceding the first act of a play, opera, etc.
5.
any introductory proceeding, event, etc.: Appetizing delicacies were the prologue to a long dinner.
verb (used with object), prologued, prologuing.
6.
to introduce with or as if with a prologue.
Also, prolog.


Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English prologe, prologue (< Old French prologue) < Latin prōlogus < Greek prólogos. See pro-2, -logue

prologuist, prologist, noun
prologuelike, prologlike, adjective
unprologued, adjective


5. preamble; beginning, opening; prelude.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To prolog
Collins
World English Dictionary
PROLOG or Prolog (ˈprəʊlɒɡ)
 
n
a computer programming language based on mathematical logic
 
[C20: from pro(gramming in) log(ic)]
 
Prolog or Prolog
 
n
 
[C20: from pro(gramming in) log(ic)]

prologue or often (US) prolog (ˈprəʊlɒɡ)
 
n
1.  a.  the prefatory lines introducing a play or speech
 b.  the actor speaking these lines
2.  a preliminary act or event
3.  in early opera
 a.  an introductory scene in which a narrator summarizes the main action of the work
 b.  a brief independent play preceding the opera, esp one in honour of a patron
 
vb , -logues, -loguing, -logued, -logs, -loging, -loged
4.  (tr) to introduce or preface with or as if with a prologue
 
[C13: from Latin prologus, from Greek prologos, from pro-² + logos discourse]
 
prolog or often (US) prolog
 
n
 
vb
 
[C13: from Latin prologus, from Greek prologos, from pro-² + logos discourse]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

prologue
c.1300, from O.Fr. prologue (c.1215), from L. prologus, from Gk. prologos "prologue of a play, speaker of a prologue," lit. "a speech beforehand," from pro- "before" + logos "discourse, speech," from legein "to speak" (see lecture).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

Prolog definition

programming
Programming in Logic or (French) Programmation en Logique. The first of the huge family of logic programming languages.
Prolog was invented by Alain Colmerauer and Phillipe Roussel at the University of Aix-Marseille in 1971. It was first implemented 1972 in ALGOL-W. It was designed originally for natural-language processing but has become one of the most widely used languages for artificial intelligence.
It is based on LUSH (or SLD) resolution theorem proving and unification. The first versions had no user-defined functions and no control structure other than the built-in depth-first search with backtracking. Early collaboration between Marseille and Robert Kowalski at University of Edinburgh continued until about 1975.
Early implementations included C-Prolog, ESLPDPRO, Frolic, LM-Prolog, Open Prolog, SB-Prolog, UPMAIL Tricia Prolog. In 1998, the most common Prologs in use are Quintus Prolog, SICSTUS Prolog, LPA Prolog, SWI Prolog, AMZI Prolog, SNI Prolog.
ISO draft standard at Darmstadt, Germany (ftp://ftp.th-darmstadt.de/pub/programming/languages/prolog/standard/). or UGA, USA (ftp://ai.uga.edu/ai.prolog.standard).
See also negation by failure, Kamin's interpreters, Paradigms of AI Programming, Aditi.
A Prolog interpreter in Scheme. (ftp://cpsc.ucalgary.ca/pub/prolog1.1).
A Prolog package (ftp://cpsc.ucalgary.ca/pub/prolog1.1/prolog11.tar.Z) from the University of Calgary features delayed goals and interval arithmetic. It requires Scheme with continuations.
["Programming in Prolog", W.F. Clocksin & C.S. Mellish, Springer, 1985].
(2001-04-01)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature