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pronation

[proh-ney-shuh n] /proʊˈneɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
rotation of the hand or forearm so that the surface of the palm is facing downward or toward the back (opposed to supination).
2.
a comparable motion of the foot consisting of abduction followed by eversion.
3.
the position assumed as the result of this rotation.
4.
any similar motion of the limbs or feet of animals.
Origin
1660-1670
1660-70; pronate + -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pronation
  • Then run down a short track embedded with a sensor pad that gauges pronation or supination and prescribes support remedies.
  • No rotation is possible, but the effect of rotation is obtained by the pronation and supination of the radius on the ulna.
  • They stand with their knees in rotation and their feet in pronation.
  • It's a great shoe for those dealing with over-pronation.
  • And a wedge of firm foam on the back side of the midsole offers pronation support for those who need it.
  • pronation is the normal motion that allows the foot to adapt to uneven walking surfaces and to absorb shock.
Word Origin and History for pronation
n.

1660s, from French pronation, from Medieval Latin pronationem (nominative pronatio), noun of action from past participle stem of Late Latin pronare (see pronate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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pronation in Medicine

pronation pro·na·tion (prō-nā'shən)
n.

  1. The act of pronating.

  2. The condition of being pronated, especially the condition of having flat feet.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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