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proportional representation

noun
1.
a method of voting by which political parties are given legislative representation in proportion to their popular vote.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for proportional representation
  • They would prefer full-scale proportional representation, which would make coalition government the norm.
  • Countries with parliaments elected by proportional representation are often cursed with myriad political groups.
  • Replacing winner-take-all election systems with proportional representation.
British Dictionary definitions for proportional representation

proportional representation

noun
1.
representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win PR Compare first-past-the-post
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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proportional representation in Culture

proportional representation definition


An electoral system in which seats in a legislature are awarded to each party on the basis of its share of the popular vote. The United States does not use a system of proportional representation. Membership in the Senate and the House of Representatives, for example, is based on individual candidates' receiving a majority of votes. Such a system strongly encourages the formation of only two major political parties.

Note: In Israel and some nations in Europe, a system of proportional representation guarantees that small parties will have official recognition in the government, thus leading to a multiparty government.
Note: Though proportional representation has been attempted in a few American cities, many American politicians argue that it tends to fragment the government, preventing quick and decisive action.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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