9 Grammatical Pitfalls

# proportion

[pruh-pawr-shuh n, -pohr-] /prəˈpɔr ʃən, -ˈpoʊr-/
noun
1.
comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio.
2.
proper relation between things or parts:
to have tastes way out of proportion to one's financial means.
3.
relative size or extent.
4.
proportions, dimensions or size:
a rock of gigantic proportions.
5.
a portion or part in its relation to the whole:
A large proportion of the debt remains.
6.
symmetry, harmony, or balance:
an architect with a sense of proportion.
7.
the significance of a thing or event that an objective view reveals:
You must try to see these mishaps in proportion.
8.
Mathematics. a relation of four quantities such that the first divided by the second is equal to the third divided by the fourth; the equality of ratios.
Compare rule of three.
9.
Archaic. analogy; comparison.
verb (used with object)
10.
to adjust in proper proportion or relation, as to size, quantity, etc.
11.
to balance or harmonize the proportions of.
Origin of proportion
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English proporcio(u)n < Latin prōportiōn- (stem of prōportiō) symmetry, analogy. See pro-1, portion
Related forms
proportioner, noun
misproportion, noun
reproportion, verb (used with object)
superproportion, noun
Synonyms
1. comparison. 5. share. 6. distribution, arrangement. See symmetry. 10. regulate, arrange, balance, harmonize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for proportions
• Arrange berry and eucalyptus branches after setting down plates to make sure the proportions are right.
• Start with container that suits the plant's proportions and overall shape.
• Absent a catastrophe of biblical proportions, you'll come up with a pretty good prediction.
• The piece can then be installed in any size or space as long as the specified colors and proportions are respected.
• Pig manure is one step away from a transformation of metamorphic proportions.
• To some geologists, the world is heading toward an oil crisis of historic proportions.
• With the large proportions came a host of health issues.
• But that doesn't seem to mean that our brains have an accurate sense of our body's precise proportions.
• Scientists had thought that the animal evolved its bizarre proportions as it grew to its gargantuan stature.
• Those proportions held up a century later, when family size shrunk.
British Dictionary definitions for proportions

## proportion

/prəˈpɔːʃən/
noun
1.
the relationship between different things or parts with respect to comparative size, number, or degree; relative magnitude or extent; ratio
2.
the correct or desirable relationship between parts of a whole; balance or symmetry
3.
a part considered with respect to the whole
4.
(pl) dimensions or size: a building of vast proportions
5.
a share, part, or quota
6.
(maths) a relationship that maintains a constant ratio between two variable quantities: x increases in direct proportion to y
7.
(maths) a relationship between four numbers or quantities in which the ratio of the first pair equals the ratio of the second pair
verb (transitive)
8.
to adjust in relative amount, size, etc
9.
to cause to be harmonious in relationship of parts
Derived Forms
proportionability, noun
proportionment, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin prōportiō (a translation of Greek analogia), from phrase prō portione, literally: for (its, his, one's) portion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for proportions

## proportion

n.

late 14c., "due relation of one part to another," also "size, extent; compartative relation in size, degree, number, etc.," from Old French proporcion "measure, proportion" (13c.), from Latin proportionem (nominative proportio) "comparative relation, analogy," from phrase pro portione "according to the relation" (of parts to each other), from pro "for" (see pro-) + ablative of *partio "division," related to pars (see part (n.)). Phrase out of proportion attested by 1670s.

My fortunes [are] as ill proportioned as your legs. [John Marston, "Antonio and Mellida," 1602]

v.

"to adjust or regulate the proportions of," late 14c., from proportion (n.) and in part from Middle French proporcioner and directly from Medieval Latin proportionare. Related: Proportioned; proportioning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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proportions in Science
 proportion   (prə-pôr'shən)    A statement of equality between two ratios. Four quantities, a, b, c, and d, are said to be in proportion if a/b = c/d .
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with proportions

## proportion

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
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### Difficulty index for proportion

Most English speakers likely know this word

### Word Value for proportions

15
18
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