prop

1 [prop]
verb (used with object), propped, propping.
1.
to support, or prevent from falling, with or as if with a prop (often followed by up ): to prop an old fence; to prop up an unpopular government.
2.
to rest (a thing) against a support: He propped his cane against the wall.
3.
to support or sustain (often followed by up ).
noun
4.
a stick, rod, pole, beam, or other rigid support.
5.
a person or thing serving as a support or stay: His father is his financial prop.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English proppe (noun); cognate with Middle Dutch proppe bottle stopper

unpropped, adjective


1. brace, buttress, bolster.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
prop1 (prɒp)
 
vb (when tr, often foll by up) (usually also foll by against) , props, propping, propped
1.  (tr) to support with a rigid object, such as a stick
2.  to place or lean
3.  (tr) to sustain or support
4.  (Austral), (NZ) (intr) to stop suddenly or unexpectedly
 
n
5.  something that gives rigid support, such as a stick
6.  a person or thing giving support, as of a moral or spiritual nature
7.  rugby either of the forwards at either end of the front row of a scrum
 
[C15: related to Middle Dutch proppe vine prop; compare Old High German pfropfo shoot, German Pfropfen stopper]

prop2 (prɒp)
 
n
short for property

prop3 (prɒp)
 
n
an informal word for propeller

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

prop
"support," 1440, from M.Du. proppe "vine prop, support," of unknown origin. Related to O.H.G. pfropfo, Ger. pfropfen "to prop," perhaps from L. propago "a set, layer of a plant" (see propagation). Ir. propa, Gael. prop are from English. The verb meaning "to support" is attested from 1492.

prop
"object used in a play," 1911, from props (1841), shortened form of properties (in theatrical use from early 15c.). Props as slang shortening for proper respects (or something similar) appeared c.1999.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
prop
propeller
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
In place of foil, my burrito is wrapped in yellow waxed paper and propped in a
  tray.
Federal stimulus money, which propped up many budgets over the past two years,
  is drying up.
Not only that, drilling for shale gas has propped up economies in some of the
  country's down-and-out regions.
He propped open the back door to the house and covered the gap with a canvas
  door with a circular opening.
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