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prop1

[prop] /prɒp/
verb (used with object), propped, propping.
1.
to support, or prevent from falling, with or as if with a prop (often followed by up):
to prop an old fence; to prop up an unpopular government.
2.
to rest (a thing) against a support:
He propped his cane against the wall.
3.
to support or sustain (often followed by up).
noun
4.
a stick, rod, pole, beam, or other rigid support.
5.
a person or thing serving as a support or stay:
His father is his financial prop.
Origin of prop1
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English proppe (noun); cognate with Middle Dutch proppe bottle stopper
Related forms
unpropped, adjective
Synonyms
1. brace, buttress, bolster.

prop2

[prop] /prɒp/
noun, Theater
1.
property (def 8).
Origin
1910-15; by shortening
Related forms
propless, adjective

prop3

[prop] /prɒp/
noun
1.
a propeller.
Origin
1910-15; by shortening
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for props
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • props are rotten and cowardly, whether they are props of love or not.

    Captivity M. Leonora Eyles
  • It has fixed rules which are the props of order, and will not swerve or bend in extreme cases.

    Statesman Plato
  • props, probably of wood, are placed under different parts of the sculpture to secure an equal pressure.

  • Put up a forest of props (as at the Abbey) and keep off touch and contamination?

    The Christian Hall Caine
  • Adminicula: supports or props: the spinous processes on the abdomen of boring and burrowing pupae.

British Dictionary definitions for props

props

/prɒps/
plural noun
1.
(slang, mainly US & Canadian) proper respect: props to my dad

prop1

/prɒp/
verb props, propping, propped when tr, often foll by up
1.
(transitive) to support with a rigid object, such as a stick
2.
(transitive) usually also foll by against. to place or lean
3.
(transitive) to sustain or support
4.
(intransitive) (Austral & NZ) to stop suddenly or unexpectedly
noun
5.
something that gives rigid support, such as a stick
6.
a person or thing giving support, as of a moral or spiritual nature
7.
(rugby) either of the forwards at either end of the front row of a scrum
Word Origin
C15: related to Middle Dutch proppe vine prop; compare Old High German pfropfo shoot, German Pfropfen stopper

prop2

/prɒp/
noun
1.
short for property (sense 8)

prop3

/prɒp/
noun
1.
an informal word for propeller
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for props

prop

n.

"support," mid-15c., from Middle Dutch proppe "vine prop, support," of unknown origin. Probably related to Old High German pfropfo, German pfropfen "to prop," perhaps from Latin propago "a set, layer of a plant" (see propagation). Irish propa, Gaelic prop are from English.

"object used in a play," 1898, from props (1841), shortened form of properties (which was in theatrical use from early 15c.). Props as slang shortening for proper respects (or something similar) appeared c.1999.

short for propeller, 1914.

v.

"to support," mid-15c., probably from prop (n.1) or a related verb in Dutch. Related: Propped; propping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for props

props 1

noun

  1. The property manager at a theater or movie studio (1900+ Theater)
  2. falsies

Related Terms

knock the props from under

props

noun

Proper respect: the boys described how they gain ''props,'' or popularity, by yelling explicit propositions or fondling girls who pass by (1990s+ Black teenagers)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for props

prop

propeller
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with props
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for props

9
11
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