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proscenium

[proh-see-nee-uh m, pruh-] /proʊˈsi ni əm, prə-/
noun, plural proscenia
[proh-see-nee-uh, pruh-] /proʊˈsi ni ə, prə-/ (Show IPA).
Theater
1.
Also called proscenium arch. the arch that separates a stage from the auditorium.
Abbreviation: pros.
2.
(formerly) the apron or, especially in ancient theater, the stage itself.
Origin
1600-1610
1600-10; < Latin proscēnium, proscaenium < Greek proskḗnion entrance to a tent, porch, stage (Late Greek: stage curtain), equivalent to pro- pro-2 + skēn() (see scene) + -ion neuter noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for proscenium-arch

proscenium

/prəˈsiːnɪəm/
noun (pl) -nia (-nɪə), -niums
1.
the arch or opening separating the stage from the auditorium together with the area immediately in front of the arch
2.
(in ancient theatres) the stage itself
Word Origin
C17: via Latin from Greek proskēnion, from pro- before + skēnē scene
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for proscenium-arch

proscenium

n.

c.1600, "stage of an ancient theater," from Latin proscaenium, from Greek proskenion "the space in front of the scenery," also "entrance of a tent," from pro "in front" (see pro-) + skene "stage, tent, booth" (see scene). Modern sense of "space between the curtain and the orchestra" is attested from 1807.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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