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prosthesis

[pros-thee-sis for 1; pros-thuh-sis for 2] /prɒsˈθi sɪs for 1; ˈprɒs θə sɪs for 2/
noun, plural prostheses
[pros-thee-seez for 1;pros-thuh-seez for 2] /prɒsˈθi siz for 1;ˈprɒs θəˌsiz for 2/ (Show IPA)
1.
a device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a missing or defective part of the body.
2.
Grammar, Prosody. the addition of one or more sounds or syllables to a word or line of verse, especially at the beginning.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Late Latin < Greek prósthesis a putting to, addition, equivalent to prós to + thésis a placing; see thesis
Related forms
prosthetic
[pros-thet-ik] /prɒsˈθɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
prosthetically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for prosthesis
  • Only the second case of an elephant prosthesis, the new limb will need several tweaks over the coming months.
  • Surgeons have implanted a novel neural prosthesis into a paralyzed patient's brain.
  • His new prosthesis has a hydraulic knee that gives him better mobility.
  • Although fitted for a prosthesis, she could not wear it until the wound from her surgery healed.
  • Claims the market for a successful retinal prosthesis is significant.
  • She has since been fitted with a special prosthesis, which will have to be adjusted as she grows.
  • It should also help in the development of better prosthesis and may even help to give robots a better tactile sense of their own.
  • A transplant or a prosthesis is the only option for recovering the loss.
British Dictionary definitions for prosthesis

prosthesis

/ˈprɒsθɪsɪs; prɒsˈθiːsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
(surgery)
  1. the replacement of a missing bodily part with an artificial substitute
  2. an artificial part such as a limb, eye, or tooth
2.
(linguistics) another word for prothesis
Derived Forms
prosthetic (prɒsˈθɛtɪk) adjective
prosthetically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Late Latin from Greek: an addition, from prostithenai to add, from pros- towards + tithenai to place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prosthesis
n.

1550s, "addition of a letter or syllable to a word," from Late Latin, from Greek prosthesis "addition," from prostithenai "add to," from pros "to" + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme). Meaning "artificial body part" is first recorded c.1900, from earlier use to describe the medical art of making artificial limbs (1706), on notion of "that which is added to" the injured body.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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prosthesis in Medicine

prosthesis pros·the·sis (prŏs-thē'sĭs)
n. pl. pros·the·ses (-sēz)

  1. An artificial device used to replace a missing body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

  2. Replacement of a missing body part with such a device.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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prosthesis in Science
prosthesis
  (prŏs-thē'sĭs)   
Plural prostheses (prŏs-thē'sēz)
An artificial device used to replace a missing or defective body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

prosthetic adjective (prŏs-thět'ĭk)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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