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prosthesis

[pros-thee-sis for 1; pros-thuh-sis for 2] /prɒsˈθi sɪs for 1; ˈprɒs θə sɪs for 2/
noun, plural prostheses
[pros-thee-seez for 1;pros-thuh-seez for 2] /prɒsˈθi siz for 1;ˈprɒs θəˌsiz for 2/ (Show IPA)
1.
a device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a missing or defective part of the body.
2.
Grammar, Prosody. the addition of one or more sounds or syllables to a word or line of verse, especially at the beginning.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Late Latin < Greek prósthesis a putting to, addition, equivalent to prós to + thésis a placing; see thesis
Related forms
prosthetic
[pros-thet-ik] /prɒsˈθɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
prosthetically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for prosthetic
  • Bizarre gait could aid design of prosthetic limbs.
  • The obturator is a prosthetic device made to fit the roof of the mouth covering the gap.
British Dictionary definitions for prosthetic

prosthesis

/ˈprɒsθɪsɪs; prɒsˈθiːsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
(surgery)
  1. the replacement of a missing bodily part with an artificial substitute
  2. an artificial part such as a limb, eye, or tooth
2.
(linguistics) another word for prothesis
Derived Forms
prosthetic (prɒsˈθɛtɪk) adjective
prosthetically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Late Latin from Greek: an addition, from prostithenai to add, from pros- towards + tithenai to place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prosthetic
prosthesis
1553, "addition of a letter or syllable to a word," from L.L., from Gk. prosthesis "addition," from prostithenai "add to," from pros "to" + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme). Meaning "artificial body part" is first recorded 1706.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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prosthetic in Medicine

prosthesis pros·the·sis (prŏs-thē'sĭs)
n. pl. pros·the·ses (-sēz)

  1. An artificial device used to replace a missing body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

  2. Replacement of a missing body part with such a device.

prosthetic pros·thet·ic (prŏs-thět'ĭk)
adj.

  1. Serving as or relating to a prosthesis.

  2. Of or relating to prosthetics.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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prosthetic in Science
prosthesis
  (prŏs-thē'sĭs)   
Plural prostheses (prŏs-thē'sēz)
An artificial device used to replace a missing or defective body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

prosthetic adjective (prŏs-thět'ĭk)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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17
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