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protest

[n. proh-test; v. pruh-test, proh-test] /n. ˈproʊ tɛst; v. prəˈtɛst, ˈproʊ tɛst/
noun
1.
an expression or declaration of objection, disapproval, or dissent, often in opposition to something a person is powerless to prevent or avoid:
a protest against increased taxation.
2.
Commerce.
  1. a formal notarial certificate attesting the fact that a check, note, or bill of exchange has been presented for acceptance or payment and that it has been refused.
  2. the action taken to fix the liability for a dishonored bill of exchange or note.
3.
Law.
  1. (upon one's payment of a tax or other state or city exaction) a formal statement disputing the legality of the demand.
  2. a written and attested declaration made by the master of a ship stating the circumstances under which some damage has happened to the ship or cargo, or other circumstances involving the liability of the officers, crew, etc.
4.
Sports. a formal objection or complaint made to an official.
verb (used without object)
5.
to give manifest expression to objection or disapproval; remonstrate.
6.
to make solemn or earnest declaration.
verb (used with object)
7.
to make a protest or remonstrance against; object to.
8.
to say in protest or remonstrance.
9.
to declare solemnly or earnestly; affirm; assert.
10.
to make a formal declaration of the nonacceptance or nonpayment of (a bill of exchange or note).
11.
Obsolete. to call to witness.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; (noun) Middle English < Middle French (French protêt), derivative of protester to protest < Latin prōtestārī to declare publicly, equivalent to prō- pro-1 + testārī to testify, derivative of testis a witness; (v.) late Middle English protesten < Middle French protester
Related forms
protestable, adjective
protester, protestor, noun
protestingly, adverb
protestive, adjective
half-protested, adjective
half-protesting, adjective
nonprotesting, adjective
reprotest, noun
reprotest, verb
unprotested, adjective
unprotesting, adjective
unprotestingly, adverb
Synonyms
5. complain. 6. asseverate, avow, aver, attest. See declare.
Antonyms
1. approval. 5. approve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for protester
  • Someone on the pro-Milosevic side shot a gun, critically wounding a protester, and the two sides started fighting.
  • In the second instance, a protester curls into a ball.
  • Every protester may have his or her own proposed solution.
  • Having provoked the clash, she fled in a motorcade that ran over and killed a policeman and a protester, according to the police.
  • The protester was beaten, stomped and dragged along half-exposed.
  • The protester may amend the protest at any time prior to the commencement of the evidentiary hearing.
  • The protester submitted a proposal prior to the specified closing date.
British Dictionary definitions for protester

protest

noun (ˈprəʊtɛst)
1.
  1. public, often organized, dissent or manifestation of such dissent
  2. (as modifier): a protest march
2.
a declaration or objection that is formal or solemn
3.
an expression of disagreement or complaint: without a squeak of protest
4.
  1. a formal notarial statement drawn up on behalf of a creditor and declaring that the debtor has dishonoured a bill of exchange or promissory note
  2. the action of drawing up such a statement
  3. a formal declaration by a taxpayer disputing the legality or accuracy of his assessment
5.
a statement made by the master of a vessel attesting to the circumstances in which his vessel was damaged or imperilled
6.
the act of protesting
7.
under protest, having voiced objections; unwillingly
verb (prəˈtɛst)
8.
when intr, foll by against, at, about, etc; when tr, may take a clause as object. to make a strong objection (to something, esp a supposed injustice or offence)
9.
(when transitive, may take a clause as object) to assert or affirm in a formal or solemn manner
10.
(when transitive, may take a clause as object) to put up arguments against; disagree; complain; object: ``I'm okay,'' she protested, he protested that it was not his turn to wash up
11.
(transitive) (mainly US) to object forcefully to: leaflets protesting Dr King's murder
12.
(transitive) to declare formally that (a bill of exchange or promissory note) has been dishonoured
Derived Forms
protestant, adjective, noun
protester, protestor, noun
protestingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin prōtestārī to make a formal declaration, from prō- before + testārī to assert
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for protester
n.

also protestor, 1540s, "one who makes solemn affirmation;" agent noun from protest (v.). From 1960 as "demonstrator, public opponent of the established order."

protest

n.

c.1400, "avowal, pledge, solemn declaration," from Old French protest (Modern French prôtet), from preotester, and directly from Latin protestari "declare publicly, testify, protest," from pro- "forth, before" (see pro-) + testari "testify," from testis "witness" (see testament).

Meaning "statement of disapproval" first recorded 1751; adjectival sense of "expressing of dissent from, or rejection of, prevailing mores" is from 1953, in reference to U.S. civil rights movement. First record of protest march is from 1959.

v.

mid-15c., "to declare or state formally or solemnly," from Old French protester, from Latin protestari "declare publicly, testify, protest" (see protest (n.)). Original sense preserved in to protest one's innocence. Related: Protested; protesting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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