protoplasmatic

protoplasm

[proh-tuh-plaz-uhm]
noun
1.
Biology. (no longer in technical use) the colloidal and liquid substance of which cells are formed, excluding horny, chitinous, and other structural material; the cytoplasm and nucleus.
2.
Obsolete. the living matter of organisms regarded as the physical basis of life, having the ability to sense and conduct stimuli.

Origin:
1840–50; < Neo-Latin prōtoplasma. See proto-, -plasm

protoplasmic, protoplasmal, protoplasmatic [proh-toh-plaz-mat-ik] , adjective
interprotoplasmic, adjective
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World English Dictionary
protoplasm (ˈprəʊtəˌplæzəm)
 
n
biology the living contents of a cell, differentiated into cytoplasm and nucleoplasm
 
[C19: from New Latin, from proto- + Greek plasma form]
 
proto'plasmic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

protoplasm
1848, from Ger. Protoplasma (1846), used by Ger. botanist Hugo von Mohl (1805-72), from Gk. proto- "first" + plasma "something molded" (see plasma). The word was in L.L., meaning "first created thing," and may have existed in ecclesiastical Gk. in a different sense. It was
used 1839 by Czech physiologist Johannes Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869) to denote the gelatinous fluid found in living tissue. This word prevailed, though Ger. language purists preferred Urschleim "original mucus."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

protoplasm pro·to·plasm (prō'tə-plāz'əm)
n.
The complex, semifluid, translucent substance that constitutes the living matter of plant and animal cells and manifests the essential life functions of a cell. Composed of proteins, fats, and other molecules suspended in water, it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.


pro'to·plas'mic (-plāz'mĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
protoplasm   (prō'tə-plāz'əm)  Pronunciation Key 
The semifluid, translucent substance that forms the living matter in all plant and animal cells. Composed of proteins, fats, and other substances suspended in water, it includes the cytoplasm and (in eukaryotes) the nucleus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
protoplasm [(proh-tuh-plaz-uhm)]

The jellylike material in a cell, both inside and outside the nucleus, where the chemical reactions that support life take place.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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