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town, Seine-et-Marne departement, Ile-de-France region, north-central France. It lies east-southeast of Paris. The older part of the city, the Ville-Haute (Upper Town), stands on a hill and is partly surrounded by medieval walls (12th and 13th-century). The Upper Town is dominated by a 12th-century keep known as the Tour de Cesar, built on the site of a Roman fort. The 12th-century Grange-aux-Dimes (tithe barn) houses a small museum of medieval sculpture. The Ville-Basse (Lower Town), founded in the 9th century by monks fleeing from the Normans, lies in the valley below.