[pruh-vok-uh-tur, -toor; French praw-vaw-ka-tœr]
noun, plural provocateurs [pruh-vok-uh-turz, -toorz; French praw-vaw-ka-tœr] .
a person who provokes trouble, causes dissension, or the like; agitator.
(italics) French. agent provocateur.

1915–20; < French < Latin prōvocātor challenger, appellant, equivalent to provocā(re) to provoke + -tor -tor Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
provocateur (prəˌvɒkəˈtɜː)
a person who deliberately behaves controversially in order to provoke argument or other strong reactions

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1922, shortened form of agent provocateur "person hired to make trouble" (1877), from Fr. provocateur, from L. provocator "challenger," from provocare (see provoke). Originally in ref. to strike-breakers.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He is tough and charming, a persuader who knows how to listen, a provocateur who miraculously avoids making too many enemies.
It will be useful to give an example of arrangements for a meeting having the purpose of severing relations with a provocateur.
If anyone approaches you and says that he comes from the underground, he is a provocateur.
What the police need to learn is that as soon as they react to such provocation, the provocateur has won.
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