the act of provoking.
something that incites, instigates, angers, or irritates.
Criminal Law. words or conduct leading to killing in hot passion and without deliberation.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin prōvocātiōn- (stem of prōvocātiō) a calling forth, equivalent to prōvocāt(us) (past participle of prōvocāre to provoke; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

provocational, adjective
nonprovocation, noun
overprovocation, noun
preprovocation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
provocation (ˌprɒvəˈkeɪʃən)
1.  the act of provoking or inciting
2.  something that causes indignation, anger, etc
3.  English criminal law words or conduct that incite a person to attack another

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., from O.Fr. provocation (12c.), from L. provocationem (nom. provocatio) "a calling forth, challenge," from provocatus, pp. of provocare "provoke."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Two officers continue to point tear-gas-filled rifles at the crowd, fingers on
  the trigger, as if waiting for a provocation.
But its not art because there is no questioning, provocation or idea.
The repression was far out of proportion to the provocation.
We are drawn to tension, to controversy, to provocation.
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