proximity

[prok-sim-i-tee]
noun
nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation.

Origin:
1475–85; < Latin proximitās nearness, vicinity. See proximal, -ity

nonproximity, noun
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World English Dictionary
proximity (prɒkˈsɪmɪtɪ)
 
n
1.  nearness in space or time
2.  nearness or closeness in a series
 
[C15: from Latin proximitās closeness; see proximate]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

proximity
1480, from M.Fr. proximité "nearness" (14c.), from L. proximitatem (nom. proximitas) "nearness, vicinity," from proximus "nearest," superlative of prope "near." Proximal is first recorded 1727.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Even if the jeans are washed, they'll still be repopulated by being in such
  close proximity to the wearer's skin.
Too much proximity to the wild leads to fatal accidents.
The reason they knew better was because the system of mixed pastoralism they
  practiced was defined by close physical proximity.
The proximity of the presidential election is hardly an excuse, since none of
  the committee members is running.
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