a sacred song or hymn.
(initial capital letter) any of the songs, hymns, or prayers contained in the Book of Psalms.
a metric version or paraphrase of any of these.
a poem of a similar nature.

before 900; Middle English psalm(e), s(e)alm(e), psame, Old English ps(e)alm, sealm < Late Latin psalmus < Greek psalmós song sung to the harp, orig., a plucking, as of strings, akin to psállein to pluck, pull, play (the harp)

psalmic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
psalm (sɑːm)
1.  (often capital) any of the 150 sacred songs, lyric poems, and prayers that together constitute a book (Psalms) of the Old Testament
2.  a musical setting of one of these poems
3.  any sacred song or hymn
[Old English, from Late Latin psalmus, from Greek psalmos song accompanied on the harp, from psallein to play (the harp)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. salm, from L. psalmus, from Gk. psalmos "song sung to a harp," originally "performance on stringed instrument," from psallein "play on a stringed instrument, pull, twitch." Used in Septuagint for Heb. mizmor "song," especially the sort sung by David to the harp.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We cannot sing a psalm without beginning and continuing it.
The control group did not show activity in these parts of their brains when listening to the psalm.
Reflective and contained, their dances might be the phrases of a psalm or prayer.
The bay psalm book was faithful to its source, but did not produce beautiful singing.
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