psalteries

psaltery

[sawl-tuh-ree]
noun, plural psalteries.
1.
an ancient musical instrument consisting of a flat sounding box with numerous strings which are plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum.
2.
(initial capital letter) the Psalter.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English sautrie < Middle French sauter(i)e < Late Latin psaltērium; see Psalter

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Collins
World English Dictionary
psaltery (ˈsɔːltərɪ)
 
n , pl -teries
music an ancient stringed instrument similar to the lyre, but having a trapezoidal sounding board over which the strings are stretched
 
[Old English: see Psalter]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

psaltery
"ancient stringed instrument," c.1300, from O.Fr. psalterie (12c.), from L. psalterium "stringed instrument," from Gk. psalterion "stringed instrument," from psallein "play on a stringed instrument, pull, pluck."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Psaltery definition


a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated "viol" in Isa. 5:12 (R.V., "lute"); 14:11. In Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15, the word thus rendered is Chaldaic, pesanterin, which is supposed to be a word of Greek origin denoting an instrument of the harp kind.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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