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psyche

[sahyk] /saɪk/
verb (used with object), psyched, psyching.
1.
psych1 .

Psyche

[sahy-kee] /ˈsaɪ ki/
noun
1.
Classical Mythology. a personification of the soul, which in the form of a beautiful girl was loved by Eros.
2.
(lowercase) the human soul, spirit, or mind.
3.
(lowercase) Psychology, Psychoanalysis. the mental or psychological structure of a person, especially as a motive force.
4.
Neoplatonism. the second emanation of the One, regarded as a universal consciousness and as the animating principle of the world.
5.
a female given name.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60 for def 2; < Latin psȳchē < Greek psȳchḗ literally, breath, derivative of psȳ́chein to breathe, blow, hence, live (see psycho-)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for psyche
  • Abstraction requires selective use of this structural split of abilities in the psyche.
British Dictionary definitions for psyche

psych

/saɪk/
verb
1.
(transitive) (informal) to psychoanalyse See also psych out, psych up
Word Origin
C20: shortened from psychoanalyse

psyche

/ˈsaɪkɪ/
noun
1.
the human mind or soul
Word Origin
C17: from Latin, from Greek psukhē breath, soul; related to Greek psukhein to breathe

Psyche

/ˈsaɪkɪ/
noun
1.
(Greek myth) a beautiful girl loved by Eros (Cupid), who became the personification of the soul
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for psyche
n.

1640s, "animating spirit," from Latin psyche, from Greek psykhe "the soul, mind, spirit; breath; life, one's life, the invisible animating principle or entity which occupies and directs the physical body; understanding" (personified as Psykhe, the beloved of Eros), akin to psykhein "to blow, cool," from PIE root *bhes- "to blow, to breathe" (cf. Sanskrit bhas-), "Probably imitative" [Watkins].

Also in ancient Greek, "departed soul, spirit, ghost," and often represented symbolically as a butterfly or moth. The word had extensive sense development in Platonic philosophy and Jewish-influenced theological writing of St. Paul (cf. spirit (n.)). Meaning "human soul" is from 1650s. In English, psychological sense "mind," is attested by 1910.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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psyche in Medicine

psyche psy·che (sī'kē)
n.
The mind functioning as the center of thought, emotion, and behavior and consciously or unconsciously mediating the body's responses to the social and physical environment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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psyche in Culture
Psyche [(seye-kee)]

In Roman mythology, a beautiful girl who was visited each night in the dark by Cupid, who told her she must not try to see him. When she did try, while he was asleep, she accidentally dropped oil from her lamp on him, and he awoke and fled. After she had performed many harsh tasks set by Cupid's mother, Venus, Jupiter made her immortal, and she and Cupid were married. Her name is Greek for both “soul” and “butterfly.”

psyche [(seye-kee)]

The mind, soul, or spirit, as opposed to the body. In psychology, the psyche is the center of thought, feeling, and motivation, consciously and unconsciously directing the body's reactions to its social and physical environment.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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