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Valerian

[vuh-leer-ee-uh n] /vəˈlɪər i ən/
noun
1.
(Publius Licinius Valerianus) died a.d. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for publius licinius valerianus

valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Also called allheal. any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2.
a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name

Valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for publius licinius valerianus

valerian

n.

late 14c., from Old French valeriane, apparently from feminine singular of Latin adjective Valerianus, from the personal name Valerius (see Valerie); but Weekley writes, "some of the German and Scand. forms of the name point rather to connection with the saga-hero Wieland."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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