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Valerian

[vuh-leer-ee-uh n] /vəˈlɪər i ən/
noun
1.
(Publius Licinius Valerianus) died a.d. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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British Dictionary definitions for publius-licinius-valerianus

valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Also called allheal. any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2.
a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name

Valerian

/vəˈlɛərɪən/
noun
1.
Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for publius-licinius-valerianus

valerian

n.

late 14c., from Old French valeriane, apparently from feminine singular of Latin adjective Valerianus, from the personal name Valerius (see Valerie); but Weekley writes, "some of the German and Scand. forms of the name point rather to connection with the saga-hero Wieland."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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