|1.||acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; swift|
|2.||accomplished in or lasting a short time: fast work; a fast visit|
|3.||(prenominal) adapted to or facilitating rapid movement: the fast lane of a motorway|
|4.||requiring rapidity of action or movement: a fast sport|
|5.||(of a clock, etc) indicating a time in advance of the correct time|
|6.||given to an active dissipated life|
|7.||of or characteristic of such activity: a fast life|
|8.||not easily moved; firmly fixed; secure|
|9.||firmly fastened, secured, or shut|
|10.||steadfast; constant (esp in the phrase fast friends)|
|11.||sport (of a playing surface, running track, etc) conducive to rapid speed, as of a ball used on it or of competitors playing or racing on it|
|12.||that will not fade or change colour readily: a fast dye|
|13.||a. proof against fading: the colour is fast to sunlight|
|b. (in combination): washfast|
|a. requiring a relatively short time of exposure to produce a given density: a fast film|
|b. permitting a short exposure time: a fast shutter|
|15.||cricket (of a bowler) characteristically delivering the ball rapidly|
|16.||informal glib or unreliable; deceptive: a fast talker|
|17.||archaic sound; deep: a fast sleep|
|18.||informal a deceptive or unscrupulous trick (esp in the phrase pull a fast one)|
|19.||fast worker a person who achieves results quickly, esp in seductions|
|21.||soundly; deeply: fast asleep|
|23.||in quick succession|
|24.||in advance of the correct time: my watch is running fast|
|25.||in a reckless or dissipated way|
|26.||archaic fast by, fast beside close or hard by; very near|
|27.||informal play fast and loose to behave in an insincere or unreliable manner|
|28.||archery (said by the field captain to archers) stop shooting!|
|[Old English fæst strong, tight; related to Old High German festi firm, Old Norse fastr]|
fast 1 (fāst)
adj. fast·er, fast·est
Acting, moving, or being capable of acting or moving quickly.
Accomplished in relatively little time.
Exhibiting resistance to change. Used especially of stained microorganisms that cannot be decolorized.
Firmly fixed or fastened.
v. fast·ed, fast·ing, fasts
To abstain from food.
To eat little or abstain from certain foods, especially as a religious discipline.
The act or practice of abstaining from or eating very little food.
A period of such abstention or self-denial.
The sole fast required by the law of Moses was that of the great Day of Atonement (q.v.), Lev. 23:26-32. It is called "the fast" (Acts 27:9). The only other mention of a periodical fast in the Old Testament is in Zech. 7:1-7; 8:19, from which it appears that during their captivity the Jews observed four annual fasts. (1.) The fast of the fourth month, kept on the seventeenth day of Tammuz, the anniversary of the capture of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans; to commemorate also the incident recorded Ex. 32:19. (Comp. Jer. 52:6, 7.) (2.) The fast of the fifth month, kept on the ninth of Ab (comp. Num. 14:27), to commemorate the burning of the city and temple (Jer. 52:12, 13). (3.) The fast of the seventh month, kept on the third of Tisri (comp. 2 Kings 25), the anniversary of the murder of Gedaliah (Jer. 41:1, 2). (4.) The fast of the tenth month (comp. Jer. 52:4; Ezek. 33:21; 2 Kings 25:1), to commemorate the beginning of the siege of the holy city by Nebuchadnezzar. There was in addition to these the fast appointed by Esther (4:16). Public national fasts on account of sin or to supplicate divine favour were sometimes held. (1.) 1 Sam. 7:6; (2.) 2 Chr. 20:3; (3.) Jer. 36:6-10; (4.) Neh. 9:1. There were also local fasts. (1.) Judg. 20:26; (2.) 2 Sam. 1:12; (3.) 1 Sam. 31:13; (4.) 1 Kings 21:9-12; (5.) Ezra 8:21-23: (6.) Jonah 3:5-9. There are many instances of private occasional fasting (1 Sam. 1:7: 20:34; 2 Sam. 3:35; 12:16; 1 Kings 21:27; Ezra 10:6; Neh. 1:4; Dan. 10:2,3). Moses fasted forty days (Ex. 24:18; 34:28), and so also did Elijah (1 Kings 19:8). Our Lord fasted forty days in the wilderness (Matt. 4:2). In the lapse of time the practice of fasting was lamentably abused (Isa. 58:4; Jer. 14:12; Zech. 7:5). Our Lord rebuked the Pharisees for their hypocritical pretences in fasting (Matt. 6:16). He himself appointed no fast. The early Christians, however, observed the ordinary fasts according to the law of their fathers (Acts 13:3; 14:23; 2 Cor. 6:5).