sharply affecting the organs of taste or smell, as if by a penetrating power; biting; acrid.
acutely distressing to the feelings or mind; poignant.
caustic, biting, or sharply expressive: pungent remarks.
mentally stimulating or appealing: pungent wit.
Biology. piercing or sharp-pointed.

1590–1600; < Latin pungent- (stem of pungēns), present participle of pungere to prick. See poignant, point, -ent

pungency, noun
pungently, adverb
nonpungency, noun
nonpungent, adjective
nonpungently, adverb

1. hot, peppery, piquant, sharp. 3. sarcastic, mordant, cutting; acrimonious, bitter. 4. keen, sharp.

1. mild, bland. 3. soothing. 4. dull.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
pungent (ˈpʌndʒənt)
1.  having an acrid smell or sharp bitter flavour
2.  (of wit, satire, etc) biting; caustic
3.  biology ending in a sharp point: a pungent leaf
[C16: from Latin pungens piercing, from pungere to prick]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1590s, "sharp, poignant" (of pain or grief), from L. pungentem (nom. pungens), prp. of pungere "to prick, pierce, sting," related to pugnus "fist" (see pugnacious). Meaning "having powerful odor or taste" first recorded 1660s. Literal sense "sharp, pointed" (c.1600) is
very rare in English, mostly limited to botany.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But even the pungent bulb can't mask your natural scent.
Swarms of flies rose from pungent clots of slick, stagnant water.
Inside the condo the sweet, pungent odor of insects and rotting food enveloped
They may be lightly perfumed with floral scents, imparting hints of citrus or
  herbal flavors or be deeply pungent.
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