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8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

punishment

[puhn-ish-muh nt] /ˈpʌn ɪʃ mənt/
noun
1.
the act of punishing.
2.
the fact of being punished, as for an offense or fault.
3.
a penalty inflicted for an offense, fault, etc.
4.
severe handling or treatment.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English punysshement < Anglo-French punisement, Old French punissement. See punish, -ment
Related forms
nonpunishment, noun
overpunishment, noun
prepunishment, noun
propunishment, adjective
repunishment, noun
self-punishment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for punishment
  • We live in a land where all people are equal, which should include punishment for crimes that one commits.
  • If so, turning pirate might have been his way of escaping punishment when the revolt failed.
  • And when selfish punishment works well, benefit they do.
  • Contestants tended to eye the barrier respectfully: the punishment for false starts was a thrashing from official whip bearers.
  • And for that reason, they're now getting the punishment they deserve.
  • We abhor capital punishment for its needless taking of life by society.
  • Tenure meetings and dissertation defenses would be prime occasions for the administering of corporal punishment.
  • Scores of countries have now abandoned capital punishment.
  • The regulatory authorities are a joke, no punishment never ever.
  • And one big punishment is the threat of long-term solitary confinement.
British Dictionary definitions for punishment

punishment

/ˈpʌnɪʃmənt/
noun
1.
a penalty or sanction given for any crime or offence
2.
the act of punishing or state of being punished
3.
(informal) rough treatment
4.
(psychol) any aversive stimulus administered to an organism as part of training
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for punishment
n.

late 14c., from Anglo-French punisement (late 13c.), Old French punissement, from punir (see punish). Meaning "rough handling" is from 1811.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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punishment in the Bible

The New Testament lays down the general principles of good government, but contains no code of laws for the punishment of offenders. Punishment proceeds on the principle that there is an eternal distinction between right and wrong, and that this distinction must be maintained for its own sake. It is not primarily intended for the reformation of criminals, nor for the purpose of deterring others from sin. These results may be gained, but crime in itself demands punishment. (See MURDER ØT0002621; THEFT.) Endless, of the impenitent and unbelieving. The rejection of this doctrine "cuts the ground from under the gospel...blots out the attribute of retributive justice; transmutes sin into misfortune instead of guilt; turns all suffering into chastisement; converts the piacular work of Christ into moral influence...The attempt to retain the evangelical theology in connection with it is futile" (Shedd).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with punishment

punishment

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for punishment

the infliction of some kind of pain or loss upon a person for a misdeed (i.e., the transgression of a law or command). Punishment may take forms ranging from capital punishment, flogging, forced labour, and mutilation of the body to imprisonment and fines. Deferred punishments consist of penalties that are imposed only if an offense is repeated within a specified time.

Learn more about punishment with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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