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purge

[purj] /pɜrdʒ/
verb (used with object), purged, purging.
1.
to rid of whatever is impure or undesirable; cleanse; purify.
2.
to rid, clear, or free (usually followed by of or from):
to purge a political party of disloyal members.
3.
to clear of imputed guilt or ritual uncleanliness.
4.
to clear away or wipe out legally (an offense, accusation, etc.) by atonement or other suitable action.
5.
to remove by cleansing or purifying (often followed by away, off, or out).
6.
to clear or empty (the bowels) by causing evacuation.
7.
to cause evacuation of the bowels of (a person).
8.
to put to death or otherwise eliminate (undesirable or unwanted members) from a political organization, government, nation, etc.
9.
Metallurgy.
  1. to drive off (undesirable gases) from a furnace or stove.
  2. to free (a furnace or stove) of undesirable gases.
verb (used without object), purged, purging.
10.
to become cleansed or purified.
11.
to undergo or cause purging of the bowels.
noun
12.
the act or process of purging.
13.
the removal or elimination of members of a political organization, government, nation, etc., who are considered disloyal or otherwise undesirable.
14.
something that purges, as a purgative medicine or dose.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (v.) Middle English purgen < Old French purg(i)er < Latin pūrgāre to cleanse; (noun) Middle English < Old French, derivative of the v.
Related forms
purgeable, adjective
purger, noun
unpurgeable, adjective
unpurged, adjective
Synonyms
8. oust, liquidate, extirpate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for purge off

purge

/pɜːdʒ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to rid (something) of (impure or undesirable elements)
2.
(transitive) to rid (a state, political party, etc) of (dissident or troublesome people)
3.
(transitive)
  1. to empty (the bowels) by evacuation of faeces
  2. to cause (a person) to evacuate his bowels
4.
  1. to clear (a person) of a charge
  2. to free (oneself) of guilt, as by atonement to purge contempt
5.
(intransitive) to be cleansed or purified
noun
6.
the act or process of purging
7.
the elimination of opponents or dissidents from a state, political party, etc
8.
a purgative drug or agent; cathartic
Derived Forms
purger, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French purger, from Latin pūrgāre to purify
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for purge off
purge
late 13c., from O.Fr. purgier (12c.), from L. purgare "cleanse, purify," from Old L. purigare, from purus "pure" (see pure) + root of agere "to drive, make" (see act). The noun is recorded from 1560s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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purge off in Medicine

purge (pûrj)
v. purged, purg·ing, purg·es
To cause evacuation of the bowels. n.

  1. The act or process of purging.

  2. Something that purges, especially a medicinal purgative.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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8
11
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