purify

[pyoor-uh-fahy]
verb (used with object), purified, purifying.
1.
to make pure; free from anything that debases, pollutes, adulterates, or contaminates: to purify metals.
2.
to free from foreign, extraneous, or objectionable elements: to purify a language.
3.
to free from guilt or evil.
4.
to clear or purge (usually followed by of or from ).
5.
to make clean for ceremonial or ritual use.
verb (used without object), purified, purifying.
6.
to become pure.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English purifien < Middle French purifier < Latin pūrificāre. See pure, -ify

purification, noun
purificatory [pyoo-rif-i-kuh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
purifier, noun
nonpurification, noun
nonpurifying, adjective
repurification, noun
repurify, verb, repurified, repurifying.
self-purifying, adjective
unpurified, adjective
unpurifying, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
purify (ˈpjʊərɪˌfaɪ)
 
vb , -fies, -fying, -fied
1.  to free (something) of extraneous, contaminating, or debasing matter
2.  (tr) to free (a person, etc) from sin or guilt
3.  (tr) to make clean, as in a ritual, esp the churching of women after childbirth
 
[C14: from Old French purifier, from Late Latin pūrificāre to cleanse, from pūrus pure + facere to make]
 
purifi'cation
 
n
 
purificatory
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

purify
c.1300, "free from spiritual pollution," from O.Fr. purifier (12c.), from L. purificare "to make pure," from purus "pure" (see pure) + root of facere "to make" (see factitious). Meaning "free from extraneous matter" is recorded from c.1440.
Purification first attested c.1380; in ref. to Feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary, from 1389.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Purification definition


the process by which a person unclean, according to the Levitical law, and thereby cut off from the sanctuary and the festivals, was restored to the enjoyment of all these privileges. The great annual purification of the people was on the Day of Atonement (q.v.). But in the details of daily life there were special causes of cermonial uncleanness which were severally provided for by ceremonial laws enacted for each separate case. For example, the case of the leper (Lev. 13, 14), and of the house defiled by leprosy (14:49-53; see also Matt. 8:2-4). Uncleanness from touching a dead body (Num. 19:11; Hos. 9:4; Hag. 2:13; Matt. 23:27; Luke 11:44). The case of the high priest and of the Nazarite (Lev. 21:1-4, 10, 11; Num. 6:6, 7; Ezek. 44:25). Purification was effected by bathing and washing the clothes (Lev. 14:8, 9); by washing the hands (Deut. 21:6; Matt. 27:24); washing the hands and feet (Ex. 30:18-21; Heb. 6:2, "baptisms", R.V. marg., "washings;" 9:10); sprinkling with blood and water (Ex. 24:5-8; Heb. 9:19), etc. Allusions to this rite are found in Ps. 26:6; 51:7; Ezek. 36:25; Heb. 10:22.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

purification

in chemistry, separation of a substance into its components and the removal of impurities. There are a large number of important applications in fields such as medicine and manufacturing.

Learn more about purification with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Paradoxically, animal blood can be used as a cleansing agent in some ritual
  purification processes.
When this purification has been completed, but not before, the people are free
  to eat of the new crops.
From the day on which the emancipation of our literature was accomplished, the
  purification of our literature began.
The organization is trying to mobilize food and set up a place to bring in
  water purification tablets.
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