the range of operation, authority, control, concern, etc.
the range of vision, insight, or understanding.
that which is provided or enacted in a statute, as distinguished from the preamble.
the purpose or scope of a statute.
the full scope or compass of any document, statement, subject, book, etc.

1225–75; Middle English purveu < Anglo-French: past participle of purveier to purvey

1. scope, responsibility, compass, extent.
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World English Dictionary
purview (ˈpɜːvjuː)
1.  the scope of operation or concern of something
2.  the breadth or range of outlook or understanding
3.  law the body of a statute, containing the enacting clauses
[C15: from Anglo-Norman purveu, from porveeir to furnish; see purvey]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1442, "body of a statute," from Anglo-Fr. purveuest "it is provided," or purveu que "provided that" (1275), clauses that introduced statutes in old legal documents, from O.Fr. porveu "provided," pp. of porveoir "to provide," from L. providere (see provide). Sense of "scope,
extent" is first recorded 1788 in "Federalist" (Madison). Modern sense and spelling influenced by view.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Perhaps this is because the problem of insomnia was for a long time the purview
  mainly of psychologists.
These responses to serve the changing needs of students are by no means the
  sole purview of the for-profits.
His purview, however, is mostly limited to the magazine.
But inaccessibility entails that phenomena are outside the purview of science.
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