qua

[kwey, kwah]
adverb
as; as being; in the character or capacity of: The work of art qua art can be judged by aesthetic criteria only.

Origin:
1640–50; < Latin quā feminine ablative singular of quī who

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causa sine qua non

[kou-sah si-ne kwah nohn; English kaw-zuh sahy-nee kwey non, kaw-zuh sin-ey kwah nohn]
noun Latin.
an indispensable condition; requisite.

Origin:
literally, a cause without which not

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
qua (kweɪ, kwɑː)
 
prep
in the capacity of; by virtue of being
 
[C17: from Latin, ablative singular (feminine) of qui who]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

qua
"as, in the capacity of," 1647, from L. qua, abl. sing. fem. of qui "who," from PIE *kwo-, stem of relative and interrogative pronouns (cf. O.E. hwa "who," hwæt "what;" Goth. hvas "who;" Gk. posos "how much?").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The sine qua non of any reference book, however frivolous, is accuracy.
Pure objectivity not only is unattainable by humans qua humans but, also,
  countervails mankind's ultimate coping success.
Smugness, of course, is the sine qua non of Hollywood.
High culture qua culture appeals to a limited number of people.
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