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quadrat

[kwod-ruh t] /ˈkwɒd rət/
noun
1.
Printing. quad2 (def 1).
2.
Ecology. a square or rectangular plot of land marked off for the study of plants and animals.
Origin
1675-1685
1675-85; variant of quadrate
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quad rat

quadrat

/ˈkwɒdrət/
noun
1.
(ecology) an area of vegetation, often one square metre, marked out for study of the plants in the surrounding area
2.
the frame used to mark out such an area
Word Origin
C14 (meaning "a square"): variant of quadrate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for quad rat

quadrat

n.

"a blank, low-cast type used by typographers to fill in larger spaces in printed lines," 1680s, from French quadrat "a quadrat," literally "a square," from Latin quadratrus, past participle of quadrare "to square, make square" (see quadrant). Earlier in English it meant a type of surveying instrument (c.1400).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
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