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quadrille1

[kwo-dril, kwuh-, kuh-] /kwɒˈdrɪl, kwə-, kə-/
noun
1.
a square dance for four couples, consisting of five parts or movements, each complete in itself.
2.
the music for such a dance.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; < French < Spanish cuadrilla company, troop, diminutive of cuadra square < Latin quadra

quadrille2

[kwo-dril, kwuh-, kuh-] /kwɒˈdrɪl, kwə-, kə-/
noun
1.
a card game played by four persons.
Origin
1720-30; < French < Spanish cuartillo, diminutive of cuarto fourth < Latin quartus
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quadrilles

quadrille1

/kwɒˈdrɪl; kwə-/
noun
1.
a square dance of five or more figures for four or more couples
2.
a piece of music for such a dance, alternating between simple duple and compound duple time
Word Origin
C18: via French from Spanish cuadrilla, diminutive of cuadro square, from Latin quadra

quadrille2

/kwɒˈdrɪl; kwə-/
noun
1.
an old card game for four players
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Spanish cuartillo, from cuarto fourth, from Latin quartus, influenced by quadrille1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for quadrilles
quadrille
1773, "lively square dance for four couples," from Fr. quadrille, originally one of four groups of horsemen in a tournament (a sense attested in Eng. from 1738), from Sp. cuadrilla, dim. of cuadro "four-sided battle square," from L. quadrum "a square," related to quattuor "four" (see four). The craze for the dance hit England in 1816, and it underwent a vigorous revival late 19c. among the middle classes. Earlier a popular card game for four hands (1726).
"Quadrille began to take the place of ombre as the fashionable card game about 1726, and was in turn superseded by whist." [OED]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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20
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