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quadrille1

[kwo-dril, kwuh-, kuh-] /kwɒˈdrɪl, kwə-, kə-/
noun
1.
a square dance for four couples, consisting of five parts or movements, each complete in itself.
2.
the music for such a dance.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; < French < Spanish cuadrilla company, troop, diminutive of cuadra square < Latin quadra

quadrille2

[kwo-dril, kwuh-, kuh-] /kwɒˈdrɪl, kwə-, kə-/
noun
1.
a card game played by four persons.
Origin
1720-30; < French < Spanish cuartillo, diminutive of cuarto fourth < Latin quartus
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quadrilles

quadrille1

/kwɒˈdrɪl; kwə-/
noun
1.
a square dance of five or more figures for four or more couples
2.
a piece of music for such a dance, alternating between simple duple and compound duple time
Word Origin
C18: via French from Spanish cuadrilla, diminutive of cuadro square, from Latin quadra

quadrille2

/kwɒˈdrɪl; kwə-/
noun
1.
an old card game for four players
Word Origin
C18: from French, from Spanish cuartillo, from cuarto fourth, from Latin quartus, influenced by quadrille1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for quadrilles

quadrille

n.

1773, "lively square dance for four couples," from French quadrille (17c.), originally one of four groups of horsemen in a tournament (a sense attested in English from 1738), from Spanish cuadrilla, diminutive of cuadro "four-sided battle square," from Latin quadrum "a square," related to quattuor "four" (see four). The craze for the dance hit England in 1816, and it underwent a vigorous revival late 19c. among the middle classes.

Earlier the name of a popular card game for four hands, and in this sense from French quadrille (1725), from Spanish cuartillo, from cuarto "fourth," from Latin quartus. OED notes it as fashionable from 1726 ("and was in turn superseded by whist"), the year of Swift's (or Congreve's) satirical ballad on the craze:

The commoner, and knight, the peer,
Men of all ranks and fame,
Leave to their wives the only care,
To propagate their name;
And well that duty they fulfil
When the good husband's at Quadrille &c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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