[kwaw-hawg, -hog, kwoh-, koh-, kwuh-hawg, -hog]
an edible clam, Venus (Mercenaria ) mercenaria, inhabiting waters along the Atlantic coast, having a relatively thick shell.
Also, quahaug.

1745–55, Americanism; < Narragansett (E spelling) poquaûhock

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World English Dictionary
quahog (ˈkɔːˌhɒɡ)
Compare soft-shell clam hard-shell clam, hard-shell, Also called: round clam an edible clam, Venus (or Mercenaria) mercenaria, native to the Atlantic coast of North America, having a large heavy rounded shell
[C18: from Narraganset, short for poquauhock, from pohkeni dark + hogki shell]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1753, from an Algonquian language, perhaps Narragansett poquauhock or Pequot p'quaghhaug "hard clam."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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