North American Indian people of the Dhegiha branch of the Siouan language stock. With the other members of this subgroup (including the Osage, Ponca, Kansa, and Omaha), the Quapaw migrated westward from the Atlantic coast. They settled for a time on the prairies of what is now western Missouri and later relocated at or near the mouth of the Arkansas River. They were a sedentary, agricultural people who lived in fortified villages of communal bark-covered lodges built on mounds. They were also skillful artisans noted for their red-on-white pottery.
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