any group of four persons or things.
an organized group of four singers or players.
a musical composition for four voices or instruments.
Also, especially British, quartette.

1765–75; < Italian quartetto, diminutive of quarto < Latin quartus fourth

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World English Dictionary
quartet or quartette (kwɔːˈtɛt)
1.  See string quartet a group of four singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group
2.  any group of four: a quartet of fast bowlers
[C18: from Italian quartetto, diminutive of quarto fourth]
quartette or quartette
[C18: from Italian quartetto, diminutive of quarto fourth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1773, "musical composition for four instruments or voices," from Fr. quartette, from It. quartetto, dim. of quarto "fourth," from L. quartus "fourth." Meaning "set of four singers or musical performers" is from 1814.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

quartet definition

A group of four musicians or singers; also, a piece of music for four instruments or voices.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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