|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|1.||Late Latin Low Latin Medieval Latin New Latin See Old Latin See also Romance the language of ancient Rome and the Roman Empire and of the educated in medieval Europe, which achieved its classical form during the 1st century |
|2.||a member of any of those peoples whose languages are derived from Latin|
|3.||an inhabitant of ancient Latium|
|4.||of or relating to the Latin language, the ancient Latins, or Latium|
|5.||characteristic of or relating to those peoples in Europe and Latin America whose languages are derived from Latin|
|6.||of or relating to the Roman Catholic Church|
|7.||denoting or relating to the Roman alphabet|
|[Old English latin and læden Latin, language, from Latin Latīnus of Latium]|
Centurion: What's this, then? People called Romanes they go the house?Used as a designation for "people whose languages descend from Latin" (1856), hence Latin American (1893). The Latin Quarter (Fr. Quartier latin) of Paris, on the south (left) bank of the Seine, was the site of university buildings in the Middle Ages, hence the place where Latin was spoken. The surname Latimer, Lattimore, etc. is from V.L. latimarus, from L. latinarius "interpreter," lit. "a speaker of Latin."
Brian: It ... it says, Romans, go home.
Centurion [thrashing him like a schoolboy]: No, it doesn't. Go home?' This is motion towards. Isn't it, boy?
Brian: Ah ... ah, dative, sir! Ahh! No, not dative! Not the dative, sir! No! Ah! Oh, the ... accusative! Domum, sir! Ah! Oooh! Ah!
Centurion [pulling him by the ear]: Except that domum takes the ...?
Brian: The locative, sir!
[Monty Python, "Life of Brian"]
Note: The modern Romance languages — French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and a few others — are all derived from Latin.
Note: During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, Latin was the universal language of learning. Even in modern English, many scholarly, technical, and legal terms, such as per se and habeas corpus, retain their Latin form.
the vernacular language of the ancient Romans (John 19:20).