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oriental

[awr-ee-en-tl, ohr‐] /ˌɔr iˈɛn tl, ˌoʊr‐/
adjective
1.
(usually initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of the Orient, or East; Eastern.
2.
of the orient or east; eastern.
3.
(initial capital letter) Zoogeography. belonging to a geographical division comprising southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as and including the Philippines, Borneo, and Java.
4.
Jewelry.
  1. (usually initial capital letter) designating various gems that are varieties of corundum:
    Oriental aquamarine; Oriental ruby.
  2. fine or precious; orient:
    oriental agate; oriental garnet.
  3. designating certain natural saltwater pearls found especially in the Orient.
noun
5.
(usually initial capital letter) Older Use: Usually Disparaging and Offensive. a native or inhabitant of the Orient.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Middle French < Latin orientālis = orient- the east (see orient) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
orientally, adverb
anti-Oriental, adjective, noun
half-oriental, adjective
nonoriental, adjective, noun
pro-Oriental, adjective, noun
pseudooriental, adjective
pseudoorientally, adverb
quasi-oriental, adjective
quasi-orientally, adverb
semioriental, adjective
semiorientally, adverb
unoriental, adjective
unorientally, adverb
Can be confused
Asian, Asiatic, oriental.
Usage note
Asian is the most commonly used term referring to people in or from Asia, especially East Asia. In American English, Oriental as a noun or adjective applied to people is outdated and has become a sensitive term to be avoided. It is associated with a bygone era in which Asians had subordinate status and their culture was perceived as strange and exotic. Also, the origin of the term Oriental represents a Eurocentric view of geography, since the Orient, or East, is east of Europe.
However, Oriental is a neutral, inoffensive term when used as an adjective describing Asian culture or things from Asia. Similarly, the term Asiatic is usually offensive when referring to people, but neutral when referring to Asian culture, animals, etc. Though Asian is an acceptable ethnic designation in most contexts, it is best to be as specific as possible, rather than to group all Asians into a single cultural identity. In general, people of South, Southeast, and East Asian origin prefer to be identified by their country of origin: for example, Indian, Pakistani, Indonesian, Korean, Japanese, or Chinese. The people of the Middle or Near East and Polynesia are not referred to as Asian.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quasi oriental

oriental

/ˌɔːrɪˈɛntəl/
adjective
1.
another word for eastern Compare occidental

Oriental

/ˌɔːrɪˈɛntəl/
adjective
1.
(sometimes not capital) of or relating to the Orient
2.
of or denoting a zoogeographical region consisting of southeastern Asia from India to Borneo, Java, and the Philippines
noun
3.
a breed of slender muscular cat with large ears, long legs, and a long tail
4.
(sometimes not capital) an inhabitant, esp a native, of the Orient
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for quasi oriental

oriental

adj.

late 14c., from Old French oriental "eastern, from the east" (12c.) and directly from Latin orientalis "of the east," from orientem (see Orient (n.)). Originally in reference to the sky, geographical sense is attested from late 15c.; oriental carpet first recorded 1868 (in C.Latin Eastlake).

Oriental

n.

"native or inhabitant of the east," 1701, from oriental (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
15
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