having the power of producing; generative; creative: a productive effort.
producing readily or abundantly; fertile: a productive vineyard.
causing; bringing about (usually followed by of ): conditions productive of crime and sin.
Economics, producing or tending to produce goods and services having exchange value.
Grammar. (of derivational affixes or patterns) readily used in forming new words, as the suffix -ness.
(in language learning) of or pertaining to the language skills of speaking and writing (opposed to receptive ).

1605–15; < Medieval Latin productīvus. See product, -ive

productively, adverb
productiveness, noun
productivity [proh-duhk-tiv-i-tee] , noun
antiproductive, adjective
antiproductively, adverb
antiproductiveness, noun
quasi-productive, adjective
quasi-productively, adverb
semiproductive, adjective
semiproductively, adverb
semiproductiveness, noun
unproductive, adjective
unproductively, adverb
unproductiveness, noun

2. fecund. Productive, fertile, fruitful, prolific apply to the generative aspect of something. Productive refers to a generative source of continuing activity: productive soil; a productive influence. Fertile applies to that in which seeds, literal or figurative, take root: fertile soil; a fertile imagination. Fruitful refers to that which has already produced and is capable of further production: fruitful soil, discovery, theory. Prolific means highly productive: a prolific farm, writer.

2. sterile.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
productive (prəˈdʌktɪv)
adj (foll by of)
1.  producing or having the power to produce; fertile
2.  yielding favourable or effective results
3.  economics
 a.  producing or capable of producing goods and services that have monetary or exchange value: productive assets
 b.  of or relating to such production: the productive processes of an industry
4.  resulting in: productive of good results
5.  denoting an affix or combining form used to produce new words

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1612, from Fr. productif (16c.), from M.L. productivus "fit for production," from L. productus, pp. of producere (see produce). Productivity is from 1809 with meaning "quality of being productive;" economic sense of "rate of output per unit" is from 1899.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

productive pro·duc·tive (prə-dŭk'tĭv, prō-)

  1. Producing or capable of producing mucus or sputum.

  2. Forming new tissue, as of an inflammation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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