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gallant

[adj. gal-uh nt for 1, 3, 4; guh-lant, -lahnt, gal-uh nt for 2, 5; n. guh-lant, -lahnt, gal-uh nt; v. guh-lant, -lahnt] /adj. ˈgæl ənt for 1, 3, 4; gəˈlænt, -ˈlɑnt, ˈgæl ənt for 2, 5; n. gəˈlænt, -ˈlɑnt, ˈgæl ənt; v. gəˈlænt, -ˈlɑnt/
adjective
1.
brave, spirited, noble-minded, or chivalrous:
a gallant knight; a gallant rescue attempt.
2.
exceptionally polite and attentive to women; courtly.
3.
stately; grand:
a gallant pageant.
4.
showy, colorful, or stylish, as in dress; magnificent.
5.
amorous; amatory.
noun
6.
a brave, noble-minded, or chivalrous man.
7.
a man exceptionally attentive to women.
8.
a stylish and dashing man.
9.
a suitor or lover.
10.
a paramour.
verb (used with object)
11.
to court or act as a lover of (a woman).
12.
to escort (a woman).
verb (used without object)
13.
to attend or pay court as a gallant.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English gala(u)nt < Old French galant, present participle of galer to amuse oneself, make merry < Gallo-Romance *walāre, derivative of Frankish *wala good, happy; see well1, weal1
Related forms
gallantly, adverb
gallantness, noun
quasi-gallant, adjective
quasi-gallantly, adverb
supergallant, adjective
supergallantly, adverb
supergallantness, noun
ungallant, adjective
ungallantly, adverb
Synonyms
1. valorous, courageous, heroic, bold, daring, intrepid. See brave. 2. chivalrous, courteous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quasigallant

gallant

adjective (ˈɡælənt)
1.
brave and high-spirited; courageous and honourable; dashing: a gallant warrior
2.
(ɡəˈlænt; ˈɡælənt). (of a man) attentive to women; chivalrous
3.
imposing; dignified; stately: a gallant ship
4.
(archaic) showy in dress
noun (archaic) (ˈɡælənt; ɡəˈlænt)
5.
a woman's lover or suitor
6.
a dashing or fashionable young man, esp one who pursues women
7.
a brave, high-spirited, or adventurous man
verb (rare) (ɡəˈlænt; ˈɡælənt)
8.
when intr, usually foll by with. to court or flirt (with)
9.
(transitive) to attend or escort (a woman)
Derived Forms
gallantly, adverb
gallantness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French galant, from galer to make merry, from gale enjoyment, pleasure, of Germanic origin; related to Old English welaweal²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for quasigallant

gallant

adj.

mid-15c., "showy, finely dressed; gay, merry," from Old French galant "courteous," earlier "amusing, entertaining; lively, bold" (14c.), present participle of galer "rejoice, make merry," generally held to be from Latinized verb form of Frankish *wala- "good, well," from Proto-Germanic *wal- (cf. Old High German wallon "to wander, go on a pilgrimage"), from PIE *wel- "to wish, will" (see will (v.)), "but the transition of sense offers difficulties that are not fully cleared up" [OED]. Sense of "politely attentive to women" was adopted 17c. from French.

n.

"man of fashion and pleasure," mid-15c., earlier "dissolute man, rake" (early 15c.); from gallant (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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