The first material book was doubtless a series of knots well represented by the quipu (Fig. 2) of the ancient Peruvians.
After these words he sat down, and threw in his quipu—a movement which was imitated by the other chiefs.
Which are the nations that accepted the quipu, and sent their warriors to the gathering place?
The quipu has been sent round, and the chiefs who will be present at the meeting are twenty in number.
According to Tylor, "the quipu is a near relation of the rosary and the wampum-string."
The lengths of the strings used in making the quipu were various.
The Peruvians adopted a totally different and unique system of records, that by means of the quipu.
In every town some expert men were appointed to tie the knots of the quipu, and to explain them.
It, however, seldom happened that they had to read a quipu without some verbal commentary.
quipu: Knotted, parti-colored strings used by the ancient Peruvians to keep records.
ancient Inca recording device using knotted cords, 1704, from Quechua quipu "knot."