quota system

noun
1.
a system, originally determined by legislation in 1921, of limiting by nationality the number of immigrants who may enter the U.S. each year.
2.
a policy of limiting the number of minority group members in a business firm, school, etc.
3.
any hiring or admissions policy requiring that a specified number or percentage of minority group members be hired or admitted.

Origin:
1920–25

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
By imposing a quota system, they can limit the outflow of beans from producing
  nations in times of oversupply.
Towards the end of his tenure, he abolished the quota system for university
  places.
Accordingly, the quota system serves the vital purpose of reducing the risk of
  diversion.
The quota system regulates how many groups can begin a trip at each entry point
  each day.
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