r. sage


Russell, 1816–1906, U.S. financier.
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World English Dictionary
sage1 (seɪdʒ)
1.  a man revered for his profound wisdom
2.  profoundly wise or prudent
3.  obsolete solemn
[C13: from Old French, from Latin sapere to be sensible; see sapient]

sage2 (seɪdʒ)
1.  a perennial Mediterranean plant, Salvia officinalis, having grey-green leaves and purple, blue, or white flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2.  the leaves of this plant, used in cooking for flavouring
3.  short for sagebrush
[C14: from Old French saulge, from Latin salvia, from salvus safe, in good health (from the curative properties attributed to the plant)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"wise," c.1300, from O.Fr. sage (11c.), from Gallo-Romance *sabius, from V.L. *sapius, from L. sapere "have a taste, have good taste, be wise," from PIE base *sap- "to taste." The noun meaning "man of profound wisdom" is recorded from c.1300. Originally applied to the Seven Sages -- Thales, Solon, Periander,
Cleobulus, Chilon, Bias, and Pittacus.

kind of herb (Salvia officinalis), c.1310, from O.Fr. sauge (13c.), from L. salvia, from salvus "healthy" (see safe). So called for its healing or preserving qualities (it was used to keep teeth clean and relieve sore gums, and boiled in water to make a drink to alleviate arthritis).
In Eng. folklore, sage, like parsley, is said to grow best where the wife is dominant. Sagebrush first recorded 1852.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Russian-American Gallium Experimentformerly Soviet-American Gallium Experiment
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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