radio-meter

radiometer

[rey-dee-om-i-ter]
noun
1.
Also called Crookes radiometer. an instrument for demonstrating the transformation of radiant energy into mechanical work, consisting of an exhausted glass vessel containing vanes that revolve about an axis when exposed to light.
2.
an instrument for detecting and measuring small amounts of radiant energy.

Origin:
1870–75; radio- + -meter

radiometric [rey-dee-oh-me-trik] , adjective
radiometry, noun
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World English Dictionary
radiometer (ˌreɪdɪˈɒmɪtə)
 
n
any instrument for the detection or measurement of radiant energy
 
radiometric
 
adj
 
radi'ometry
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

radiometer ra·di·om·e·ter (rā'dē-ŏm'ĭ-tər)
n.

  1. A device that measures the intensity of radiant energy, consisting of a partially evacuated glass bulb containing lightweight vertical vanes, each blackened on one side, suspended radially about a central vertical axis to permit their revolution about the axis as a result of incident radiation.

  2. An instrument that detects electromagnetic radiation.

  3. A device for determining the penetrative power of x-rays.


ra'di·om'e·try (-trē) n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
radiometer   (rā'dē-ŏm'ĭ-tər)  Pronunciation Key 
A device used to detect or measure radiation. Radiometers generally consist of a glass bulb containing a rarefied gas in which four diamond-shaped paddles are mounted on a central axis. Each paddle is black on one side and silvery on the other. When radiation such as sunlight strikes them, the black side absorbs radiation and the silvery side reflects it, resulting in a temperature difference between the two sides and causing motion of gas molecules around the edges of the paddles. This motion of the surrounding gas molecules causes the paddles to spin. Precision radiometers, which use a complete vacuum rather than a gas, exploit the difference in radiation pressure on either side of the paddles to cause them to spin. Radiometers measure the intensity of radiation by measuring the rate of spin of the paddles. Also called light mill.
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