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radiometer

[rey-dee-om-i-ter] /ˌreɪ diˈɒm ɪ tər/
noun
1.
Also called Crookes radiometer. an instrument for demonstrating the transformation of radiant energy into mechanical work, consisting of an exhausted glass vessel containing vanes that revolve about an axis when exposed to light.
2.
an instrument for detecting and measuring small amounts of radiant energy.
Origin
1870-1875
1870-75; radio- + -meter
Related forms
radiometric
[rey-dee-oh-me-trik] /ˌreɪ di oʊˈmɛ trɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
radiometry, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for radio-meter

radiometer

/ˌreɪdɪˈɒmɪtə/
noun
1.
any instrument for the detection or measurement of radiant energy
Derived Forms
radiometric (ˌreɪdɪəʊˈmɛtrɪk) adjective
radiometry, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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radio-meter in Medicine

radiometer ra·di·om·e·ter (rā'dē-ŏm'ĭ-tər)
n.

  1. A device that measures the intensity of radiant energy, consisting of a partially evacuated glass bulb containing lightweight vertical vanes, each blackened on one side, suspended radially about a central vertical axis to permit their revolution about the axis as a result of incident radiation.

  2. An instrument that detects electromagnetic radiation.

  3. A device for determining the penetrative power of x-rays.


ra'di·om'e·try (-trē) n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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radio-meter in Science
radiometer
  (rā'dē-ŏm'ĭ-tər)   
A device used to detect or measure radiation. Radiometers generally consist of a glass bulb containing a rarefied gas in which four diamond-shaped paddles are mounted on a central axis. Each paddle is black on one side and silvery on the other. When radiation such as sunlight strikes them, the black side absorbs radiation and the silvery side reflects it, resulting in a temperature difference between the two sides and causing motion of gas molecules around the edges of the paddles. This motion of the surrounding gas molecules causes the paddles to spin. Precision radiometers, which use a complete vacuum rather than a gas, exploit the difference in radiation pressure on either side of the paddles to cause them to spin. Radiometers measure the intensity of radiation by measuring the rate of spin of the paddles. Also called light mill.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for radio-meter

radiometer

instrument for detecting or measuring radiant energy. The term is applied in particular to devices used to measure infrared radiation. Radiometers are of various types that differ in their method of measurement or detection. Those that function by means of an increase in the temperature of the device, such as Herschel's thermometer, are called thermal detectors. Commonly used thermal detectors include the thermocouple, which produces a voltage when heated, and the bolometer, which undergoes a change in electrical resistance when heated. Devices that can, in principle, detect a singular quantum of radiant energy, such as Becquerel's photographic plate, are called quantum detectors. The photoelectric cell is the basis of many current quantum detectors.

Learn more about radiometer with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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